Social psychologist mcgregor’s theory-x and theory-yof mit expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: the x theory and the y theory mcgregor promoted theory y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely cogs in the company machinery, as theory x-type. Theory x assumes that human beings are lazy should be encouraged through punishment and avoiding responsibilities theory y assumes that effort is a natural at work and the commitment to the goals is a reward and that human beings tend to seek responsibility. Feedback from a theory x and theory y perspective the latter sparked a popular theory by a professor at mit named douglas mcgregor it’s tempting to think that theory y management is good and theory x is bad and it is indeed the case that modern business schools and studies lean towards theory y being the better of the two, however. Biography of douglas mcgregor management pioneer, douglas murray mcgregor (1906 - 1964) was born in the bustling border metropolis of detroit, michigan just as it was emerging as the world's great motor city. Start studying management chapter two learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools search a harvard professor who is a well-known and influential expert on competitive strategy what is douglas mcgregor's theory x/y associated with competition, zero-sum outcomes, cooperation, growth.
The human side of enterprise is the work that first presented theory x and theory y these are not management theories but underlying assumptions about human behaviour they are also not extremes on a continuum - they are mutually exclusive. Douglas mcgregor's theory x & theory y douglas mcgregor (1906-1964) was an industrial management professor at the massachusetts institute of technology in the 1960's he was also at one time, the president of antioch college in ohio. Douglas mcgregor contrasted the organization theory that emerged during the mid-1900s to previous views in the 1950s, mcgregor offered his renowned theory x and theory y to explain the differences.
Theory x management may be necessary in some situations--for example, under the conditions of modern industrial life, theory y according to douglas mcgregor, theory y managers believe that employees want to work and that their expertise and creativity make valuable contributions to the organization. At the time this article was written, douglas mcgregor was professor of management at the school of industrial management, massachusetts institute of technology previously, he had been active in. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mcgregor's theory x and y management styles and affective commitment through the mediating mechanism of the leader–member exchange (lmx.
Management that believes in theory-x assumptions, creates stick-and-carrot approach based firms with restrictive discipline and pervasive controls theory-y believers create trust based firms with empowered employees. Professor douglas mcgregor highlighted that there is a significant relationship between motivation and leadership among people he summarized the findings of the hawthorn experiment by introducing both theory x and theory y. Classical and neoclassical approaches of management: an overview about a human relations movement which included douglas mcgregor‟s theory x and theory y approach contributor, however, was henri fayol (1841-1925) his book general and industrial management presents a management philosophy that still guides many modern managers. Call this set of propositions “theory x”: 1management is responsible for organizing the elements of productive en- terprise—money, materials, equipment, people—in the interest of eco.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s mcgregor's work was rooted in motivation theory alongside the works of abraham maslow, who created the hierarchy of needsthe two theories proposed by mcgregor describe. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book “the human side of enterprise” 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Mcgregor resigned the presidency of antioch to rejoin the mit faculty in its new school of industrial management in 1954 today antioch mcgregor bears his name in honor of his contributions to management theory life and work of douglas mcgregor 3 theory x and theory y ego states in transactional analysis uploaded by api-3778006 erik.
Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y have both their advantages and disadvantages, though many would prefer to call them their strengths and weaknesses the biggest advantage of using theory x and theory y is that they are easy to understand. Theory y assumptions can lead to more cooperative relationships between managers and workers a theory y management style seeks to establish a working environment in which the personal needs and objectives of individuals can relate to, and harmonise with, the objectives of the organisation. Douglas mcgregor developed theory x versus theory y to explain managers' attitudes toward employees explain the emphasis of the quantitative viewpoint describe the two major approaches to this viewpoint.